What Does It Feel Like To Die? -TestTube

One of the most intriguing questions that everyone might have asked at some point in his/her life, is what happens at the moment of death and after? If you would have asked me this question two years ago, I would have replied that, as a believer, we will go into afterlife to be judged, and you know the whole story… However, after I became a secular person, I started reasoning with scientific explanations.

Few days ago, I came across this video from TestTube that shows what happens at the moment of death biologically. So the presenter starts explaining that biologically and legally, death is when the brain is dies and starts taking everything in the body with it.

Interestingly, at the moment of death there is a massive burst of energy in the brain (near death experiences?). Following that, the brain sends a damaging signal to the heart, causing it to disfunction. Later, a wide range of neurochemicals are released in the body.

Watch the video below, and let me know what you think about death, near death experiences, and afterlife πŸ™‚

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All World’s Earthquakes In One Video

Whenever someone says the word “earthquake”, the first things that comes to our mind is catastrophes, destruction, and disasters. However, 422 South, a visual effects company based in the UK, released a mesmerising video showing all earthquakes that had happened since year 2000.

Interestingly, each earthquake is represented by a dot, and it will stay on the map. So eventually, you can see the areas that have frequent earthquakes compared to other locations.

Check out the video below:

God’s Bathtub Found?

It seems that the “Blue Lake” in Australia has not been affected by climate change for thousands of years.

In news that headed Australia’s Today Online, an Australian scientist stated that the lake has not changed chemically for around 7000 years.

This discovery was by accident, after university research team was studying the surrounding area for climate change markers. They took few samples from the lake, and the surprise was when they discovered that it had not been affected by climate change for years.

Stay tuned to know more about this incredible discovery!

NASA To Capture A 500-Ton Asteroid

Did we just enter into the new era of asteroid hunting?

It seems yes!!

On Friday, Senator Bill Nelson stated that NASA is planning to develop a spaceship to lasso a small asteroid and park it next to the moon so that astronauts and scientists can explore it.

The asteroid is 500-tons and 25 feet in length. It will be captured in 2019, and in 2021, a group of four astronauts will start spacewalking exploration.

Interestingly, Sen.Β  Nelson declared on Friday that the President Barak Obama will allocate more than $100 million to accelerate the project by finding a better small sized asteroid.

This is will be the first time man attempts to manipulate space objects at a grand scale like this one, and it will something great for NASA to achieve in this century.

However, finding the right asteroid with the right size and the right time to pass by earth is not that easy.

For all those of you who are worried about the damage that the asteroid might cause to Earth, I assure you that a 25-foot asteroid will burn up completely in case it entered Earth’s atmosphere.

Other than the interesting scientific explorations that NASA will achieve by studying the asteroid, such a project will help NASA nudge away any dangerous asteroid heading to Earth any time in the future.

So let us wait and see what will happen. Personally, I am very excited for this project!

Child Born With HIV Is ‘Functionally Cured’

For the first time, doctors are reporting that a child born with HIV and put on an unusually aggressive treatment regimen has been functionally cured of the infection.

Now 2 years old, the Mississippi girl has only trace amounts of HIV in her bloodstream and has been able to keep the virus that causes AIDS in check without the help of medication, doctors said Sunday at a medical conference in Atlanta.

If researchers demonstrate that the same treatment can work in other children, it could drastically alter the lives of the estimated 1,000 babies born with HIV every day, most of them in Africa, doctors said.

“If there is a trial that shows this can happen again, then this will be very important,” said Dr. Karin Nielsen, a pediatrician who specializes in infectious diseases at UCLA‘s David Geffen School of Medicine who was not involved in the girl’s case. “You’ll be able to treat people very intensively and reverse the disease.”

Attempting to replicate the results in other HIV-positive infants is “our next step,” said Dr. Deborah Persaud, a virologist at Johns Hopkins Children’s Center who described the Mississippi patient at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. She and others are to make a formal presentation during the conference’s scientific program Monday.

Details of the unusual case have not yet been published in a medical journal so that other doctors and researchers can assess it. It’s possible that the girl β€” although at high risk for contracting the virus from her mother β€” was not actually infected herself, skeptics said.

Researchers who have examined her case extensively say they believe she did have the virus but was able to knock it back before it had time to establish itself in parts of the immune system where it can remain dormant and strike again after drug treatments are stopped. Such viral reservoirs are essentially impossible to treat once they have been established.

“Is it possible the child was not infected? Yes. Is it likely? No,” said Dr. Anthony Fauci, head of the National Institute for Allergies and Infectious Diseases. The virus probably could not have remained in the baby’s body as long as it had if she had not been infected, he said.

In the United States and other developed countries, more than 98% of babies born to mothers with HIV do not get the virus thanks to preventive treatments that begin before birth and last up to six weeks afterward. In this case, the girl’s mother did not know she had HIV until she took a screening test after she was already in labor, said Dr. Hannah Gay, the pediatric HIV specialist at the University of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson who treated the baby.

Instead of giving the newborn just one antiretroviral drug, Gay opted for a three-drug regimen that is sometimes given as a long-term treatment for infected babies, she said. The first infusion was begun when the girl was only 30 hours old β€” several days before blood tests confirmed she was HIV-positive at birth, Gay said.

With continued treatment, it took less than a month for the girl’s viral load to become undetectable with standard clinical tests, Gay said.

The treatments continued normally for about 15 months, then became sporadic. When the girl was 18 months old, her mother stopped bringing her to the doctor and she didn’t receive her medications.

Five months later, the girl returned to the clinic and had her blood drawn. Gay said she expected to find that her viral load was high. Instead, her HIV levels were still undetectable. Additional tests a few days later confirmed the results, Gay said.

That’s when Persaud and Dr. Katherine Luzuriaga, an immunologist at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, began studying the girl’s blood. Using the most sensitive tests available, they were able to find tiny amounts of HIV “particles” but no virus capable of replicating, the research team reported.

The analysis was funded by the National Institutes of Health and amfAR, the Foundation for AIDS Research.

Among adults with HIV, a lucky few β€” less than 1 in 200 β€” are able to keep the virus at bay without the help of medications. But this girl is not one of these “elite controllers,” Fauci said, because in her case doctors could not detect the presence of any virus capable of replication at all.

“You can always isolate virus from elite controllers,” he said. “It’s just that they control it so well, it doesn’t replicate.”

The case of the Mississippi patient is unusual because doctors would not stop a patient’s treatment intentionally to see how he or she would fare without antiretroviral drugs. It is also unusual, Fauci said, because most pregnant women in the U.S. who are HIV-positive receive prenatal treatment to fight the virus, which dramatically decreases the risk of transferring the infection to the baby.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that fewer than 200 babies in the nation were infected with HIV at birth in 2010.

But in developing regions β€” including sub-Saharan Africa, the site of two-thirds of the world’s HIV infections β€” it’s a different story. Every year, 300,000 to 400,000 babies are born infected with HIV, Fauci said.

More than half of those children die within the first year, said UCLA’s Nielsen, who conducts research on HIV infection in infants and children. If the triple-drug treatment is proved in clinical trials, the therapy could be a boon for these babies.

Fauci suggested that in addition to such trials, researchers might want to take another look at children who have been on antiretroviral therapies since shortly after birth to see whether any of them had the disease cleared from their bodies.

“You don’t want to recommend stopping therapy, but you do want to go back and look very carefully,” he said. “It may be that we cured them and we don’t realize it.”

The Mississippi girl is the second patient in the world known to be functionally cured of HIV. The first was Timothy Brown β€” better known as the Berlin patient β€” who had not only HIV but also acute myeloid leukemia. When oncologists gave him a bone marrow transplant in 2007, they selected a donor who had a rare genetic mutation that blocks the HIV virus from entering cells. As a result, Brown is now immune to the virus and remains HIV-free without taking any medication.

Scary Creature Pulled From New Jersey River

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When it comes to stocking up on material for nightmares, it’s hard to beat this photo of what appears to be a monstrous sea lamprey.

Reddit user jlitch uploaded the picture in mid-February with the deceptively innocent tagline, “Friend… caught this fishing in NJ.”

According to a set Facebook photos, this eellike creature was caught in the Raritan River, somewhere in northern New Jersey.

Perhaps most frightening, the rings teeth of displayed in the photo have a very clear purpose: Sea lampreys latch onto their prey, then secrete digestive fluids that slowly eat away and break down the host. The Great Lakes Fishery Commission reports a sea lamprey can be expected to kill upwards of 40 pounds of fish over the course of its life. Survival rates for particular species of host fish can be as low as 15 percent.

Unfortunately, we can’t be completely certain this photo really does depict a sea lamprey. “The photo doesn’t allow counting of gill openings (seven per side for sea lampreys), but based on size alone, this does appear to be a sea lamprey,” a New York Department of Environmental Conservation spokeswoman told Outside Magazine, according to the New York Daily News.

The species typically grows to 2.5 feet in length, but some sea lampreys have been documented at sizes of up to 3 feet long, reports the Gulf of Maine Research Institute.

Sea lampreys are a native to the Atlantic Ocean and are found along the U.S. Eastern Seaboard and the coast of Europe, as well as in the Great Lakes, where it is considered an invasive species.

The New York Daily News adds that appearances of sea lampreys in New Jersey have increased recently, as officials have begun to remove old dams, thus easing the creature’s progress upriver.

Why the Meteoroid Over Russia Is A Blessing?

MOSCOW: Russian authorities halted their search on Sunday for the meteoroid that spectacularly struck the Chelyabinsk region last week, leaving about 1200 people injured and damaging about 5000 buildings.

Scientists said its shock wave was a loud warning that they hoped would inspire action to prevent potential catastrophes.

”When a small piece of rock would fall on the Earth 100 years ago, it could have caused minimal damage and would have stayed largely undetected but Friday’s accident fully demonstrated how vulnerable the technological civilisation of today has become,” the head of the space monitoring laboratory at Moscow State University, Vladimir Lipunov, said.

”It is high time Russia should start heavily investing in building an advanced space-danger monitoring and warning system and, above that, a system capable of destroying such super bombs falling on us from the skies.

”We should be thankful to fate that this meteor, in fact, was a blessing in disguise and, instead of destroying a significant part of Russia with quite dire consequences to the rest of the world, it sent us a clear warning signal by simply blowing up a bunch of windows and lightly injuring over 1000 people.”

Scientists at the US space agency NASA estimated the amount of energy released into the atmosphere by the 10-tonne meteoroid was about 30 times greater than the force of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima in World War II.

The regional governor, Mikhail Yurevich, said the damage exceeded $US33 million ($32 million) but 30 per cent of the windows broken by the shock wave had already been replaced.

About 20,000 municipal employees, emergency workers and volunteers worked around the clock at the weekend to replace windows in a region where the overnight temperature fell to minus 20 degrees.

Divers spent Saturday scouring Lake Chebarkul, which was at first believed to be the impact site, but the emergency ministry now thinks that a circular eight-metre hole in the frozen lake, about 60 kilometres from the city of Chelyabinsk, was not caused by any extraterrestrial body.

”We believe it was caused by something else,” a ministry spokesman, Vyacheslav Ladonkin, said. ”A decision has been made to stop the search.”

Forty people were still being treated in hospital in Chelyabinsk on Sunday, mostly for cuts, broken bones and concussion, a doctor said.

Dmitry Rogozin, the vice-premier in charge of Russia’s defence industry, said he would give the Prime Minister, Dmitry Medvedev, ”proposals on possibilities to register the danger of the Earth’s coming close to ‘aliens’ ” and to prevent such events.

”The governments of the most developed countries should unite in creating a system of warning and global protection,” Professor Lipunov said.